Medline: 1588379

Journal of Clinical Oncology 10(6): 984-989, 1992.

Low-dose aminoglutethimide with and without hydrocortisone replacement as a first-line endocrine treatment in advanced breast cancer: a prospective randomized trial of the Italian Oncology Group for Clinical Research.

Cocconi G, Bisagni G, Ceci G, et al.


A randomized study comparing low-dose aminoglutethimide (AG) with and without hydrocortisone (HC) was performed to investigate whether corticosteroid replacement contributes to the therapeutic effects of the drug administered as a front-line endocrine therapy in postmenopausal advanced breast cancer.

Patients and Methods:
Postmenopausal patients who had not had prior endocrine therapy for advanced disease and with estrogen receptor (ER) or progesterone receptor (PgR) status positive or unknown were eligible. AG was administered at a dose of 250 mg twice a day orally (125 mg twice a day during the first month) with or without HC (20 mg twice a day orally). Seventy-nine and 74 patients were assessable for response on the AG plus HC arm and on the AG arm, respectively. The two treatment groups were well balanced and patients were largely untreated. Approximately 60% had not received any adjuvant treatment, and approximately 75% had not received any medical treatment after relapse.

The overall responses (complete response [CR] plus partial response [PR]) were 44% and 41% for the AG plus HC and the AG arm, respectively, showing no significant difference. Time to progression (median, 8.1 and 6.3 months), duration of response (median, 15.8 and 13.7 months), and duration of survival (median, 34.2 and 36.3 months) were not significantly different between the two treatment arms. Side effects were infrequent and mild in both arms, with no significant differences.

We conclude that half of the conventional daily dose of AG has optimal therapeutic activity as a front-line endocrine treatment of postmenopausal advanced breast cancer and that HC does not significantly contribute to the therapeutic effects.

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